Acid Reflux: Symptoms & Causes

What are the

Icon of a person suffering from heatburn symptoms: burning sensation in chest and throat

Acid reflux can be pain free, but it can cause:

  • A burning sensation or heat in your chest or throat usually after eating
  • A hot sour or salty tasting fluid in the back of your throat and difficulty swallowing
  • Pressure behind the breastbone
  • Feeling bloated
  • Needing to burp
  • Feeling/being sick (nausea)
  • Cramps
  • Bad breath
  • Hiccups
acid reflux causes and symptoms

What causes

Mixed meat being grilled on a barbecue

At the entrance to your stomach is a ring of muscle or a valve called the sphincter muscle. It is supposed to open to allow food to pass through, and close afterwards. If it doesn’t close properly or opens too often, then acid from the stomach could escape.

Acid reflux normally happens when we eat certain foods. Fried or greasy foods, high fat meats and whole milk dairy products can cause the valve to relax. Caffeinated drinks, coffee, alcohol and spicy foods can all stimulate excess acid production. Eating large meals, lying down straight after eating or snacking close to bedtime are also common triggers of reflux.

Being overweight means you can be more likely to suffer from reflux because of increased pressure on your stomach, which can force open the valve after a meal.

Some people find acid reflux is worse when they are stressed.

Acid reflux also happens due to a weakness of the sphincter muscle, or when the stomach produces too much acid and not enough protective mucous. There is also something called a hiatus hernia; due to a gap in the diaphragm, parts of the stomach can move into the chest which increases the risk of reflux.

Taking pain relievers such as ibuprofen, some muscle relaxers, or blood pressure medications can also stimulate acid reflux.

Suffering from acid reflux? Read some treatment tips to help relieve the symptoms of acid reflux.

Treating Acid Reflux >


Rennie Heartburn, Indigestion & Wind Relief

Rennie Heartburn, Indigestion & Wind Relief