- Black stools
- vomiting blood
- frequent vomiting
- unexplained weight loss
- pain in jaw, arm, or neck
- constant severe stomach pain
- shortness of breath
- yellowing of eyes or skin
Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is caused by the weakening of the lower-oesophageal sphincter (the valve at the bottom of your food pipe), which allows acid reflux to occur. It is a chronic condition, in which the sufferer usually experiences severe and frequent bouts of acid reflux, generally occurring two or three times a week.
However, GERD can cause people to suffer with other symptoms of indigestion too. For example, people suffering from GERD tend to also suffer with frequent pain in the upper abdomen. Other symptoms of GERD include regurgitation of sour liquid, coughing, wheezing, and difficulty swallowing.
If you are worried you may have GERD then you should seek medical advice.
GERD is not the only underlying condition that can cause recurrent bouts indigestion. Other less common conditions include:
- Gastritis – inflammation of lining of the stomach, often caused by bacterial infections. Abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms.
- Peptic Ulcers – a sore in the lining of the stomach. Most often the result of overuse of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and aspirin. A dull ache or burning sensation in the abdomen is the most frequent symptom.
- Stomach Cancer – symptoms include a poor appetite, unexplained weight loss, vomiting blood and blood in stools. Remember though that these symptoms are all more commonly explained by an infection. Do not panic if suffering with them, but do seek medical advice from a doctor.